The EU Directive 2011/24/EU on the application of patients' rights in cross-border healthcare was adopted on 19 January 2011 and published in the EU's Official Journal on 9 March 2011. It entered into application on 25 of October 2013. This directive clarifies the rules on access to healthcare across the European Economic Area (EEA) for all EEA citizens, including reimbursement.
The Directive clarifies patients' rights to access safe and good quality treatment across EU borders and be reimbursed for it. Patients travelling to another EU country for medical care have a right to equal treatment to the citizens of the country in which they are treated. If they are entitled to that healthcare at home, then they will be reimbursed by their home country. Their reimbursement will be up to the cost of that treatment at home. In some cases, they may be required to apply for authorisation before travelling for treatment, in particular if the treatment requires an overnight stay at hospital or highly specialised and cost-intensive healthcare. Patients will be reimbursed the same amount as they receive in their home country for the same type of healthcare.
The EU Directive gives the person insured with public health insurance in one EEA country the right to access healthcare services in another EEA country as long as the treatment is medically necessary and is also available in the country of affiliation. This directive shall apply to the provision of healthcare to patients, regardless of how it is organised, delivered and financed.
Therefore, if you decide to come to Lithuania to receive cross-border healthcare, first contact your competent institution in the country where you are insured and ascertain:
• What the requirements are in order to be reimbursed the cost?
• Whether you need prior authorisation for these services?
The best way to get this information is to contact your national contact point for cross-border healthcare where you can get all the information on patient rights and entitlements, terms and conditions for reimbursement including appeal and redress.